Himno Nacional Argentino
English: Argentine National Anthem
The Argentine National Anthem being played for the first time in Mariquita Sánchez’s house (painting by Pedro Subercaseaux)
National anthem of Argentina
Vicente López y Planes, 1812
Blas Parera, 1813
11 May 1813
“Argentine National Anthem” (instrumental)
The original Argentine National Anthem (Spanish: Himno Nacional Argentino) was named Marcha Patriótica (Patriotic March), later renamed Canción Patriótica Nacional (National Patriotic Song), and then Canción Patriótica (Patriotic Song). It has been called Himno Nacional Argentino since it was published with that name in 1847. Its lyrics were written by the Buenos Aires-born politician Vicente López y Planes and the music was composed by the Spanish musician Blas Parera. The work was adopted as the sole official song on May 11, 1813, three years after the May Revolution; May 11 is therefore Anthem Day in Argentina.
Some first, quite different, anthems were composed from 1810; a version was then introduced in 1813 which was used throughout the nineteenth century. The present, much shorter, anthem comprises only the first and last verses and the chorus of the 1813 Patriotic March, omitting much emotional text about the struggle for independence from Spain (with strong arms they tear to pieces the arrogant Iberian lion).
3.1 Original version
3.2 Modern version
4 Short instrumental versions
7 External links
French transcription for piano by Luis Messemaeckers, published in 1822. This is the oldest sheet found of the anthem outside Argentina.
The first anthem was the Patriotic March, published on 15 November 1810 in the Gazeta de Buenos Ayres. It had lyrics by Esteban de Luca and music by Blas Parera. This original anthem made no reference to the name of Argentina (the country was not formally named “República Argentina” until 1826, although it was referred to as such) or an independentist will, and talked instead about Spain being conquered by France in the Peninsular War, the absolutist restoration begun by the Council of Regency, and the need to keep the republican freedoms achieved so far in the Americas: “Spain was victim / of the plotting Gaul / because to the tyrants / she bent her neck / If there treachery / has doomed a thousands cities / let sacred freedom and un